• Home
  • Articles
  • Gin and Tonic Explained: History, Recipe and More

Gin and Tonic Explained: History, Recipe and More

Gin and Tonic Explained

The timeless gin and tonic, often referred to as G&T, is a delightfully light and refreshing cocktail. It embodies simplicity, relying on just two essential components and a touch of lime, which harmonize naturally in flavour. Whether it's for a laid-back happy hour, a dinner companion, or whenever you crave a refreshing drink, the gin and tonic holds its own. This iconic and classic cocktail can be easily perfected within minutes. While the recipe remains simple, there is a lot more to know about this straightforward drink. 


The gin and tonic's origin traces back to medicinal roots but has since evolved into one of the most cherished beverages in modern mixology, even boasting dedicated bars for its myriad variations. In the 1700s, a Scottish physician named George Cleghorn identified the curative properties of quinine for malaria treatment. As the 1800s dawned, British soldiers stationed in India began consuming gin, or any available spirits, combined with tonic to obtain their daily quinine (a medication used to treat malaria) dosage, safeguarding themselves against malaria. Winston Churchill, a notable British statesman, soldier, and author who served two terms as Prime Minister, famously remarked, "The Gin and Tonic has saved more Englishmen's lives and minds than all the doctors in the Empire."


Gin(H3): A botanical liquor that exhibits a diverse range of flavours, which can substantially differ based on the brand and style chosen. Conventional London dry gins are notably recognized for their predominant juniper flavour. On the other hand, contemporary gin styles tend to reduce the juniper prominence and instead emphasize citrus and floral notes, presenting in a more modern and refreshing character.

Diving into the world of gin is a fascinating adventure, opening up a world of new flavours to discover. There is a vast range of flavours that may be achieved with gin, from the strong juniper punch of classic gins to the citric and floral notes in modern versions. Finding your preferred version among these is gratifying since it helps you to appreciate every aspect of this multifaceted and aromatic liquor.

Tonic (H3) : Tonic, in its many forms, differs in quality and taste. Cheaper, widely available options can lean towards excessive sweetness and a syrupy texture. Conversely, premium tonic brands offer a drier profile, incorporating the bitterness of quinine to harmonize superbly with the juniper's piney essence in gin. Light variations cater to those mindful of their calorie intake. Regardless of choice, it's important to have your tonic thoroughly chilled before crafting your drinks.

Lime(H3): The herbal and earthy tones of gin are complemented wonderfully by the tangy, citrusy freshness of lime. The sweetness of tonic water is tempered by this ingredient, and the overall flavour is elevated, thanks to its acidic undertone. Garnishing with a slice or wedge of lime not only adds visual appeal but also imparts a pleasant citrusy scent and tangy flavour to the drink. This tiny fruit is instrumental in making a traditional gin and tonic even more interesting and refreshing.

Foods To Pair 

Seafood :

A refreshing gin, known for its crispness, combines harmoniously with delicious and tender seafood, creating a well-rounded and gratifying culinary journey. Whether it's enjoyed alongside smoked salmon, sushi, oysters, or steamed mussels, or as a companion to shrimp or prawns, the fresh and herbal hints in your gin and tonic complement the oceanic flavours impeccably.

Cheese :

Cheese enhances the gin and tonic by bringing out the other flavours and balancing out the sweetness. Cheese's sourness and saltiness complement gin and tonic's aromas and acidity. Cheese's varying textures, along with tonic's fizz, provide for a very unique and interesting tasting experience. It's great as a starter or a light snack.

Chocolate :

The fusion of gin and tonic with chocolate may appear unexpectedly delightful. Gin enhances the luscious and smooth chocolate flavor, while tonic offsets its sweetness, leading to a harmonious and balanced taste. A traditional gin and tonic pairs well with dark, whole milk, or white chocolate, and can also be enjoyed alongside a sweeter, fruitier gin and tonic.

Nuts :

Roasted or spiced nuts go well with gin and tonic because they are crunchy and satisfying. Gin's botanical elements such as juniper and coriander harmonize effectively with the nutty richness of almonds and cashews. The nuts' saltiness finds balance in the tonic's acidity, and the variety of nuts offers diverse flavour pairings.




59 ml gin

118.29 ml chilled tonic water

1 lime, lemon, or grapefruit wedge

Method (H3): Pour ice cubes into a highball glass until it reaches the brim. Pour in 2 ounces of gin and 4 ounces of cold tonic water. Use a spoon to mix everything together gently, being cautious not to let too much fizz escape. Run a single citrus wedge around the glass's rim. Drop the wedge into the glass after squeezing its juice into the cocktail. Its ready, Enjoy!